Modern agriculture, also known as smart agriculture, is the modernization of farming practices that aligns with Industry 4.0 or the post-industrial era.
It is distinct from the industrialization of agriculture and focuses on automation, personalization, artistry, ecology, large-scale production, and precision. It is driven by the smart economy and prioritizes the big health industry.
One of the key benefits of modern agriculture is its higher comprehensive productivity, including higher land output rate and labor productivity. This makes agriculture a more efficient and competitive industry, which is a crucial measure of the level of development in modern agriculture.
Additionally, modern agriculture is a sustainable development industry that prioritizes a good regional ecological environment. This is achieved through the scale, specialization, and regionalization of production, which reduces public and external costs and improves the efficiency and competitiveness of agriculture.
There are several different types of modern agriculture, including sustainable agriculture, special agriculture, precision agriculture, and quality agriculture.
Sustainable agriculture is a basic requirement of the scientific concept of development. It coordinates technology, resources, environment, and other factors to make agriculture and rural areas develop in a coordinated and sustainable way.
This not only meets the needs of the present generation but also protects the environment for future generations.
Special agriculture is a type of modern agriculture that utilizes local agricultural products to develop modern agriculture with local characteristics.
This is particularly relevant in China, where there is a vast area and diversified types of agriculture. Each region has its unique land resources and climate, which can be used to develop unique and specialized agricultural products that are favored by many consumers.
Precision agriculture is a new type of agriculture that combines information technology and agricultural production.
It utilizes 3S technology and automation technology to meticulously divide each field, allowing farmers to make better use of arable land resources and scientific inputs to improve crop yield and quality, reduce production costs, and reduce pollution caused by agricultural activities.
Quality agriculture is a modern agricultural production system that prioritizes high yield, high quality, high efficiency, ecology, and safety. It uses standardized production and industrialized management to improve the quality of agricultural products and pursue more economic returns.
Quality agriculture also uses brand and product quality certification to make people more willing to buy agricultural products and achieve higher economic, ecological, and social benefits.
Overall, modern agriculture is a crucial aspect of development economics that prioritizes automation, personalization, artistry, ecology, large-scale production, and precision. It is a sustainable development industry that is crucial for the future of agriculture and the environment.